EGOS 2020 Sub-theme 46: Responsible Innovation for Sustainable Development
Submission deadline: Jan 14, 2020 (3000 words short paper)
Andreas Georg Scherer, University of Zurich, Switzerland
Günter K. Stahl, WU Vienna, Austria
Christian Voegtlin, Audencia Business School, France
Call for Papers:
Responsible innovation is the framework that evaluates innovations with regard to their potential harmful consequences for people and planet on the one hand, and their potential positive contribution to societal wellbeing on the other. Moreover, it indicates that this evaluation process should be facilitated by appropriate governance structures at various levels. Sustainable development (SD) requires concerted efforts by various actors and institutions to be achieved. Businesses are relevant actors in this regard, as they represent a source of innovation that can help to foster SD. With this sub-theme, we want to encourage research on responsible innovation and its links to SD. The aim is to develop the necessary theoretical and empirical groundwork around responsible innovation and SD.
One of the most promising avenues for addressing SD challenges is through responsible innovation (Khavul and Bruton, 2013; Owen et al., 2012; Stilgoe et al., 2013). The private sector assumes a pivotal role in developing innovations in products, processes, or services that address SD issues. Business firms engage in these activities either unilaterally or in concerted efforts with public, civil society or other private actors. This is evidenced by the growing number of partnerships between business community, civil society organizations, and governmental as well as intergovernmental agencies; the emergence of dedicated CSR departments in many companies; and corporate engagement in the initiatives like the UN Global Compact or the World Business Council for Sustainable Development. As pointed out by Aguilera and colleagues, corporations are "important and necessary social change agents" (2007, p. 857).
We aim to encourage research on responsible innovation that includes business as part of the solution and focuses on the global agenda for SD. Initially, "responsible innovation" was used in quite a narrow way to explore the responsibility of science with respect to issues such as research on human subjects, socio-technical integration, research integrity, intellectual property or the ethical and social implications of scientific innovation (Owen et al., 2013, p. 39). More recent analyses apply a broader perspective on innovations and take account of the variety of actors inside and outside the scientific system that might be involved in innovation processes (Khavul and Bruton, 2013; Owen et al., 2012; Stilgoe et al., 2013). Thus responsible innovation can been defined as "a transparent, interactive process by which societal actors and innovators become mutually responsive to each other with a view on the (ethical) acceptability, sustainability and societal desirability of the innovation process and its marketable products" (von Schomberg, 2011, p. 50). Seen from this perspective, responsible innovation consists of three types of responsibility which are relevant for exploring the role of private businesses (Voegtlin and Scherer, 2017): (1) the responsibility to do no harm (Lee and Petts, 2013), (2) the responsibility to do good (Stahl and Sully de Luque, 2014) and (3) responsible governance (Scherer and Palazzo, 2011), which involves establishing institutions, structures, and procedures on multiple levels in order to facilitate innovations that suffice (1) and (2).
Research in business and management has so far been mostly looking at either the dimension of "do no harm" or "do good", but has rarely considered them as interdependent, nor has there been much research on responsible governance that facilitates responsible innovation. With regard to the dimension of "do no harm", the extant literature has for the most part focused on risk management frameworks that seek to regulate innovation processes in order to mitigate potential harm; in addition, there have been calls for open innovation and democratizing innovation as a way to integrate a variety of stakeholders (Lee and Petts, 2013; Owen et al., 2013; von Hippel, 2005; von Hippel and von Krogh, 2003). With regard to the dimension of "do good", we see scholars researching social and ecological innovation, or investigating the challenges faced by hybrid organizations that strive to pursue both social and economic missions (Dahan et al., 2010; Ebrahim et al., 2014; Karakaya et al., 2014; Markman et al., 2016). As mentioned above, research on innovative governance is scarce; in particular the role of business in defining and enforcing new governance mechanisms that facilitate responsible innovations has yet to be explored (Scherer & Palazzo, 2011; Scherer et al., 2016). Last but not least, further theory building and empirical research are warranted around the concept of responsible innovation as such.
To date the role of responsible innovation and its links to challenges of SD is not well understood, both in theoretical and empirical terms, nor are there any ready-made solutions for facilitating responsible innovations that foster SD. It appears that facilitating responsible innovation has to take place at multiple levels: the level of global governance, the level of national policy, and the level of corporate governance. The aim is clear: the process of innovation should not be optimized primarily for the sake of business interests and corporate financial growth, but also toward addressing the grand challenges, promoting sustainability, and serving the public interest (Nilsson, 2017). However, there is no clear consensus on what causes responsible innovations, how the various types of responsibility interrelate, what the effects of responsible innovations are, and how impediments for responsible innovation can be overcome.
We invite conceptual and empirical submissions drawing on a range of theoretical perspectives and diverse methodologies. The following topic areas highlight exemplary questions and research themes:
Aguilera, R. V., Rupp, D. E., Williams, C. A. and Ganapathi, J. (2007). 'Putting the S back in corporate social responsibility: A multilevel model of social change in organizations'. Academy of Management Review, 32, 836-63.
Dahan, N. M., Doh, J. P., Oetzel, J. and Yaziji, M. (2010). 'Corporate-NGO collaboration: Co-creating new business models for developing markets'. Long Range Planning, 43, 326-42.
Ebrahim, A., Battilana, J. and Mair, J. (2014). 'The governance of social enterprises: Mission drift and accountability challenges in hybrid organizations'. Research in Organizational Behavior, 34, 81-100.
Karakaya, E., Hidalgo, A. and Nuur, C. (2014). 'Diffusion of eco-innovations: A review'. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 33, 392-99.
Khavul, S. and Bruton, G. D. (2013). 'Harnessing innovation for change: Sustainability and poverty in developing countries'. Journal of Management Studies, 50, 285-306.
Lee, R. G. and Petts, J. (2013). 'Adaptive governance for responsible innovation'. In Owen, R., Bessant, J. and Heintz, M. (Eds), Responsible Innovation: Managing the Responsible Emergence of Science and Innovation in Society. Sussex: Wiley: 143-164.
Markman, G. D., Russo, M., Lumpkin, G. T., Jennings, P. D. and Mair, J. (2016). 'Entrepreneurship as a platform for pursuing multiple goals: A special issue on sustainability, ethics, and entrepreneurship'. Journal of Management Studies, 53, 673-94.
Nilsson, A. (2017). 'Making norms to tackle global challenges: The role of Intergovernmental Organisations'. Research Policy, 46, 171-81.
Owen, R., Macnaghten, P. and Stilgoe, J. (2012). 'Responsible research and innovation: From science in society to science for society, with society'. Science and Public Policy, 39, 751-60.
Owen, R., Stilgoe, J., Macnaghten, P., Gorman, M., Fisher, E. and Guston, D. (2013). 'A framework for responsible innovation'. In Owen, R., Bessant, J. and Heintz, M. (Eds), Responsible Innovation: Managing the Responsible Emergence of Science and Innovation in Society. Sussex: Wiley: 27-50.
Scherer, A. G. and Palazzo, G. (2011). 'The new political role of business in a globalized world: A review of a new perspective on CSR and its implications for the firm, governance, and democracy'. Journal of Management Studies, 48, 899-931.
Scherer, A. G., Rasche, A., Palazzo, G. and Spicer, A. (2016). 'Managing for political corporate social responsibility: New challenges and directions for PCSR 2.0'. Journal of Management Studies, 53, 273-98.
Stahl, G. K. and Sully de Luque, M. (2014). 'Antecedents of responsible leader behavior: A research synthesis, conceptual framework, and agenda for future research'. Academy of Management Perspectives, 28, 235-54.
Stilgoe, J., Owen, R. and Macnaghten, P. (2013). 'Developing a Framework for Responsible Innovation'. Research Policy, 42, 1568-80.
Voegtlin, C. and Scherer, A. G. (2017). 'Responsible innovation and the innovation of responsibility: governing sustainable development in a globalized world'. Journal of Business Ethics, 143, 227-43.
von Hippel, E. and von Krogh, G. (2003). 'Open source software and the "private-collective" innovation model: Issues for organization science'. Organization Science, 14, 209-23.
von Schomberg, R. (2011). 'Prospects for technology assessment in a framework ofresponsible research and innovation'. In Dusseldorp, M. and Beecroft, R. (Eds), Technikfolgen Abschätzen Lehren: Bildungspotenziale transdisziplinärer Methoden. Wiesbaden: Springer: 39-62.
Conference Format and Submission Process:
EGOS has a long tradition of providing a forum for exchange and discussion rather than presentation of papers only. Therefore, the conference is organized in workshop form, which implies that every participant spends the three-day conference in the subgroup where his/her paper is presented. Half the time is dedicated to paper presentation while the other half is free for discussion within the group. Therefore it is also a prerequisite that participants of the subgroup are familiar with all papers presented. The papers will be accessible on the conference website one month in advance. This workshop format allows for an intense, three-day immersion in a particular area of research and provides opportunities for profound exchange and learning within a group of international scholars. Further information can be found on the conference website https://www.egosnet.org/ or https://www.egosnet.org/2020/hamburg/General-Theme.